Instructions for Authors

The Journal of Veterinary Dentistry is the journal of record in its field. It is designed to be of interest to veterinary dental scientists and to veterinarians, dentists and veterinary or dental technicians who are engaged in veterinary dental practice.

The Journal of Veterinary Dentistry provides a continuing education forum that can serve as a reference source in the veterinary office. The Journal of Veterinary Dentistry is interested in publishing articles that provide practical and scientifically sound information covering not only the medical and surgical aspects of veterinary dentistry but also specific categories including anatomy, restorations, crowns, endodontics, orthodontics, periodontics, laboratory animal dentistry, and dental and oral biology as they relate to clinical practice.

Articles about large animal topics, wildlife and zoo animals, and human research will be considered when relevant to veterinary dental science and practice. The Journal will consider submissions in the following categories:

A. Original articles: Reports of original studies of topics relevant to veterinary dentistry.

B. Clinical case reports: These reports describe new or rare, oral or dental conditions, or new diagnostic or therapeutic modalities. The report will normally be of one or more clinical cases and will be supported by pertinent clinical slides or photographs, radiographs and laboratory and/or pathology data. Case reports describing innovative dental techniques or approaches to managing clinical dental or oral conditions and complications are encouraged. Appropriate follow-up will be required.

C. Review articles: These papers are well-documented reviews of current literature of topics relevant to veterinary dentistry.

D. Veterinary Dentist at Work: Visual material supported by a short figure legend will be considered, including clinical slides, radiographs and microscopic slides.

E. Foundations: Presentation of techniques and information that will build or solidify the knowledge base of veterinary dentistry.

F. Step-by-Step: Visual material supported by introductory text and short figure legends will be considered for a primarily pictorial, step-by-step guide on how to perform dental and oral surgical procedures.

G. Letters to the Editor: These should be brief and relevant to veterinary dentistry. Letters commenting on previously published papers will be sent to the author of the original paper for response prior to publication.

H. News Items: News of people, programs or products relevant to veterinary dentistry. Photographs are welcome. New product information will be included if space permits.


1. Electronic submissions should be sent to The manuscript, including references, photographic legends and footnotes, is to be typewritten, numbered, doubled-spaced, with one-inch margins at the top, bottom, and on each side. References should be written as described on this page. The manuscript should be sent separately in an IBM-compatible word processing file using Microsoft Word®. Images should be saved as separate electronic files (.JPG or .TIF) and submitted in a PDF format. Figures should not be embedded in the manuscript. A CD containing the final, revised manuscript and images will be required for papers that are accepted for publication. Images must comply with the size and resolution requirements noted on this page.

2. A separate title page for the manuscript should include the title, names of the authors with their academic degrees, positions, addresses (including e-mail) and telephone and fax numbers. Please indicate the corresponding author, if different from the first-named author.

3. Original articles will normally include the following sections: Summary, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, References.

4. Clinical reports should conform to the following format: Summary; Introduction; Complete history and signalment; Clinical, laboratory, and radiographic findings; Diagnosis; Therapy; and Results. For multiple cases, each need not be individually described, but differences and similarities should be noted. Normally, a follow-up evaluation after at least six months but preferably one year is recommended. A discussion should follow the case report, highlighting the clinical and diagnostic data, therapeutic rationale, and including descriptions of other similar disease entities that have been reported.

5. Review articles should include a thorough literature review, including information available for non-domestic species, and comparisons with human data when available and relevant.

6. Tables should be typed on a separate sheet of paper, double-spaced, and should be numbered consecutively, using Arabic numerals. A brief title should be supplied for each. Each table in the text should be cited in consecutive order. All data from other published or unpublished sources must be fully acknowledged and written permission for their use given.

7. References should be noted in the text by superscript number at the end of the appropriate sentence, unless clarity demands some other placement. References should be numbered consecutively in the order of occurrence in the paper and listed at the end of the manuscript in numerical order according to the following style:

1. Floyd MR. The modified Triadan system: nomenclature for veterinary dentistry. J Vet Dent 1991; 8:18-19.
2. Emily P, Tholen MA. Endodontic therapy. In: Bojrab MJ, Tholen MA, eds. Small Animal oral medicine and surgery. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 1990; 158-193.

In a reference with four or more authors, citations need only include the first two named authors, followed by "et al." Full titles or National Library of Medicine abbreviations may be used for journal titles. Personal communications, unpublished data, and items of an anecdotal nature are not references - they should be included as footnotes if inclusion is essential.

8. Images. Ultimately, all images and text are sent in digital format to the publisher. Original slides, radiographs, and artwork are the safest forms of submission in regard to our ability to reproduce them in a high quality, digital format. Polaroid pictures are much less desirable since they rarely have the clarity of a focused 35-mm slide or picture. Submission of digital images is acceptable. Raw digital images should include the area of interest without excess, shot at the highest possible resolution to maximize quality, requiring a minimum 2-million pixel camera. Raw images from most digital cameras have a resolution of 72 dpi. However, at this low resolution, the image size must be large - at least 16" x 22". The raw image at this size allows for reduction of the image size and concentration of the total number of pixels into a much smaller space to improve the resolution to 400 dpi, the minimum resolution requirement for publication. Converted raw images may also be submitted as tif-formatted files, with the area of interest cropped-in and ready to print. The resolution of the tif file must be > 300 dpi and the file size must be a minimum of 4" x 6". A tif file of this size and resolution allows for further cropping and size reduction to achieve the 400 dpi minimum resolution requirement. Unfortunately, small, low resolution (72 dpi) digital images which do not emphasize the area of interest cannot be used by the Journal. Slides and black-and-white prints should be labeled with the author's name, figure numbers, and orienting directions (top, right, etc.). Short legends must be provided for each image, typed on a separate text page. Each figure should be cited in the text in consecutive order. If a figure has been published previously, the original source must be acknowledged and written permission to reproduce the material submitted from the copyright holder. Permission is required, regardless of authorship or publisher, except for documents in the public domain. Please contact the editorial office if you have any questions before submitting digital or traditional images.

9. Only generic or chemical names of products should be used in the text. A footnote, designated by a letter superscript, should be added to identify the trade name and manufacturer. Footnotes should also include the manufacturer's address. Metric weights and measures are preferred and should be used and all dosages should be given in metric units with time intervals (eg, 100 mg/kg q 12 hrs).

10. Provide the Latin name for species in italics when useful and when referring to microflora (eg, Actinomyces viscosus).

11. Abbreviations may be used in the text if the full title has been provided when it is first mentioned, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses, eg., aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Numbers less than 10 should be spelled out.

12. Acknowledgments are limited to individuals or organizations that have made substantial contributions to intellectual content of the paper. Technicians, artists, photographers, and typists are usually omitted. Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission from everyone acknowledged by name because readers may infer their endorsement of the data and conclusions.

13. Manuscripts are received with the understanding that they have not been submitted to other publications. All accepted manuscripts are subject to editing. Unused manuscripts will be returned. Accepted manuscripts will not be returned, but accompanying illustrations will be returned after publication. Publication of manuscripts in the Journal automatically transfers copyright from the author(s) to the AVDS.

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